by Maria E. Bellini
C.A.I. The Italian Alpine Club – Taking Care of Italy’s Trails and More
This is the first, in a series of articles about “C.A.I. Club Alpino Italiano”, Italy’s principle Mountaineering Association. Here we present a brief overview of what C.A.I. is all about.
The main Italian association responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the majority of Italy’s network of trails is the highly respected Italian Alpine Club – C.A.I. (Club Alpino Italiano). C.A.I.’s charter sets out to promote mountaineering, hiking and caving activities in all its forms throughout Italy.
Italian Alpine Club – How It Started
C.A.I.’s origins date back to the nineteenth century when ‘climbing mountains’ was a pastime enjoyed by a select few…
It was on August the 12th 1863, during the first all-Italian ascent of the tallest mountain in the Cottian Alps in Piedmont: the imposing 3,841 meter Monviso, that the idea of forming an association of like minded individuals came to the intrepid group of Alpinists: Quintino Sella, Giovanni Baracco and brothers Paolo and Giacinto Ballada de Saint Robert. Keen to set up a group similar to the English Alpine Club (established in 1857), their idea soon blossomed into reality. You can read our how the Alps are divided HERE.
Present Day C.A.I.
Today the Club Alpino Italiano has members worldwide. In Italy alone there are over 450 local sections that are responsible not only for the maintenance and waymarkings of much of Italy’s network of trails, but also for coordinating a diverse range of mountain and outdoor activities in the Italian Alps and Apennines. C.A.I. also carries out scientific research and operates rescue services.
Many local branches will have their own specific, independent projects according to the needs and resources in the local community, for example; choirs, photography, and film festivals. C.A.I. offers an interactive map of Italy with local club sub-sections.
Maintaining the Trails
The Italian Alpine Club is also responsible for the maintenance and waymarkings of roughly 60,000 km of Italian Trails, which is a huge task if you consider the diversity in types of trails! From simple wide dirt roads with no elevation, to extremely technical paths and Via Ferrata – and then add just about everything in between!
Training and Studies
Education also plays a major part in C.A.I.’s structured activities, with ongoing training in specific matters relating to mountaineering, winter and summer sports, trail maintenance and whatever subjects local sections concentrate upon – both for the general public and also for instructors and guides.
Activities and Things To Do
Local branches organise activities such as day hikes, walks and various multi day activities, open both to members and non members. Most subsections will have a Calendar of events, with activities graded towards: families, beginners, the more experienced hiker, and also to fully-blown extreme multiday expeditions. Often C.A.I. will be the local referral point for all things ‘mountain related’.
If you are coming to Italy and interested in mountains it makes sense to check out your destination’s the local C.A.I. branch and see if there are any activities going on. Information may only be in Italian, but with online translation, and an inquiry email, you should be able to get information should you need it.
C.A.I Italy’s Mountain Huts and Refuges
Along many of Italy’s trails you’ll find strategically positioned mountain huts, known as “Rifugi”. Many are operated by the Club Alpino Italiano. Services can vary from fully staffed, offering fully fledged restaurants, private rooms and dormitories, and items such as maps and souvenirs on sale, to unstaffed basic emergency shelter. In between there’s a huge variety. If you want to stay in a mountain hut, it’s best to book ahead as they tend to fill up quickly in the summer.
You can consult the C.A.I.s Database of mountain Rifugi here on the official Cai Website.
C.A.I. Mapping, Grading and Classifications
Mapping the network of Trails, signage and waymarking are all part of the Italian Alpine Club’s activities and it goes without saying that the Alpine Club has a standard procedure and method for how trails are waymarked, along with grading the types of different trails according to their difficulty.
C.A.I. Store & Publications
The Italian Alpine Club also operates as a stand-alone Publishing Company, (as well as in partnership with other Publishers) publishing a variety of books, magazines, area guidebooks and manuals. These are available online at the C.A.I. Store – and in local bookshops and sometimes ‘edicola’ (newsagent kiosks) along with a various other C.A.I. branded items, from clothes to mountain accessories.
Alpine Rescue Service CNAS
The Alpine Rescue Service – CNAS Corpo Nazionale Soccorso Alpino e Speleologico, was set up in 1954. More than 7000 specialist trained Mountain rescuers are involved with issues regarding prevention, safety and rescue missions. They are mainly operative throughout the Alps and Apennines. You can visit their official website HERE.
Official C.A.I. Website: www.cai.it/en
Maria Elisabetta Bellini is Italyontrail.com’s founder, born in the U.K, she came to running whilst living in Italy, where she still lives and trains. Never ceasing to marvel at what’s at the summit of a hill, or around the bend along the trail, she loves using trail running as a means to explore nature, contemplation and Italy.